Contributor: Dawkins, William Boyd, 1838-1929
Contributor: Garrod, A. H. (Alfred Henry), 1846-1879
Contributor: Murie, James, 1832-1925
Contributor: Oakley, H. W.
Contributor: Parker, T. Jeffery (Thomas Jeffery), 1850-1897
Contributor: Parker, William Kitchen, 1823-1890
Famous Book on Zoology
The Land Carnivora / W.K. Parker and T.J. Parker -- The Aquatic or Marine Carnivora / J. Murie -- Cetacea / J. Murie -- Sirenia / J. Murie -- Proboscidea / W.B. Dawkins and H.W. Oakley -- Hyracoidea / W.B. Dawkins and H.W. Oakley -- Ungulata: Perissodactyla; Artiodactyla / W.B. Dawkins, H.W. Oakley, and A.H. Garrod.
Sir William Boyd Dawkins FRS FSA FGS (26 December 1837 – 15 January 1929) was a British geologist and archaeologist. He was a member of the Geological Survey of Great Britain, Curator of the Manchester Museum and Professor of Geology at Owens College, Manchester. He is noted for his research on fossils and the antiquity of man. He was involved in many projects including a tunnel under the Humber, a Channel Tunnel attempt and the proving of coal under Kent.
Dawkins achieved many distinctions in the field of archaeology. In 1859 he moved to Somerset to study classics with the vicar of Wookey. On hearing of the discovery of bones by local workmen he led excavations in the area of the hyena den at Wookey Hole Caves. He also excavated Aveline's Hole, expanding its entrance and naming it after his mentor William Talbot Aveline. His work led to the discovery of the first evidence for use by Palaeolithic man in the Caves of the Mendip Hills.
He spent a great deal of time researching in Derbyshire, especially at Creswell Crags and Windy Knoll near Castleton. At Windy Knoll (NGR SK126830), he proved the existence of exotic animals that lived in England prior to the ice ages. With Rooke Pennington and J. Tym, he discovered bones from bison, cave hyena, cave bear and a large cat, possibly a relative of the sabre tooth tiger. The bison bones were more recently dated at 37 300bp (OxA – 4579). Many of the finds are located in the museums of Buxton, Derbyshire and Manchester.