The sovereignty of the Island of Elba was granted to the ex-Emperor of the French in Article III. of the Treaty signed at Paris, April 11, 1814, by the plenipotentiaries of the Allied Powers, and by Coulaincourt and Ney for Napoleon - who ratified it at Fontainebleau. "It is chosen by him as his residence, and will form a separate principality, which he will possess as sovereign and proprietor for the remainder of his life." He was entitled, moreover, to an "annual revenue of two millions of francs reserved from domains and rent charges in the great book of France." The King of Elba would hold the rank, title, and dignity of a crowned sovereign, but he must become a stranger to France. If the members of his suite did not return to their country within the period of three years, they would lose their qualification as French citizens (Article XVIII. of the Treaty). On April 20, after hastily putting his affairs in order, and embracing General Petit in the Cour du Cheval Blanc, Napoleon left Fontainebleau, between 11 and 12 in the morning, in a large travelling carriage, and set out for the Mediterranean coast.